In 2020 Russia will see the birth of investment platforms, which are financial organizations of a new type. Through them, individuals and companies can secure loans directly from investors. However, in the majority of countries they are not subject to financial regulation.
Can private cryptocurrencies affect monetary policy, will the digital renminbi challenge US dollar, will populism make central banks lose their independence: Kenneth Rogoff answers Ruben Enikolopov's questions.
Bad debts can be both a consequence of the borrower’s reduced financial circumstances and an instrument of unfair banking. Each of these problems has its regulatory solution but the key principle should be market responsibility of the owners and managers.
A sound banking system, a moderate bad debt level, prompt recognition of the problem which bad debts pose and dealing with them effectively, are essential preconditions of not only financial stability and depositor protection but also of economic growth.
Due to the small size and volatility of the Russian money market, Russian entities choose two extremes as benchmarks for their interest rates – the key interest rate and the MosPrime rate, at which banks themselves do not lend to one another.