Changes in private and social life caused by the pandemic have reignited scientific interest in gender inequality in the labour market. Russian economy has adapted to the crisis mainly through price adjustment, and this means the gender pay gap is likely to grow.
The EU carbon tax on imports that is to be imposed in 2022 may affect almost 42% of Russian exports. The private sector and the state should take active measures to maintain economic competitiveness in the world of growing climate risks.
The unprecedented crisis will require fundamental changes in Russia’s fiscal policy. Financing anti-crisis measures will involve not only using the National Welfare Fund, but also moving away from fiscal rule and using unconventional fiscal and monetary tools.
The unconventional nature of the crisis requires unconventional measures. About one third of all jobs in Russia are at risk, and the main objective is to enable those who have lost their jobs and income to return to paid work quickly when the lockdown is lifted.